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Foot and Ankle Sprains

When sprains occur ligaments are commonly torn and stretched. Ankle sprains are most common with athletes. Almost all sprains happen sideways, or on the outer part of the ankle joints. Sprains that happen on the inside of the joints and ligaments are not as common. Most sprains occur with people that are active and that are involved with sports. Walking on uneven surfaces and twisting their ankle is another way. Some people are more likely to sprain their ankle due to their foot type or bone structure.

Symptoms of Ankle Injury’s

Depending on how bad the sprain is, the symptoms may vary. Sometimes the ankle can become swollen, discolored and tender. This can become very painful to the touch. Walking usually can become difficult and painful depending on how bad the sprain. Shakiness may happen in extreme ankle sprains due to ligaments that are torn and ripped. Ankle sprains are put into three categories. Type 1 sprain happens when ligament fibers are slightly torn or stretched. Type 2 sprains happen when the fibers and ligaments entirely torn. Type 3 is most severe type and this happens when the whole ligament is completely torn and there is substantial instability in the ankle joints. Fractures that are outside of the foot you need to seek immediate emergency attention.

History of the Ankle Joint

Three bones make up the ankle joint. These bones are named the fibula, talus and tibia. All the bones form a socket that the ankle joint moves around in. The Talus, Fibula and Tibia are all connected together by ligaments. When sprains occur, a ligament is partially torn, stretched or completely torn. Tendon structures and muscle surround all the ligaments. These Tendon structures deliver to the ankle joint for running and walking. Nerves blood vessels and skin cover the tendons and ligaments. Ankle joints move the feet downward and upward.


Our ankle sprain Lakeway staff will examine the ankle to establish the type of sprain it is and determine the correct type of treatment. We also have specialized X-ray view machines that can really determine the problem and give the knowledge to treat is accurately. We only use more sophisticated testing only when it is necessary to inspect soft tissue wounds.


The beginning treatment starts with rest, ice, bandage or compression, and elevation. This method promotes decrease of pain, healing, and seduces the swelling around the ankle. In really bad cases, moving around may not be recommended and crutches may be necessary. Compression may be obtained by splints, elastic bandages, short leg cast and or brace. Ankle sprains usually heal in 3 to 8 weeks. More severe instances your ligaments may require more time to heal. Make sure to keep up on your scheduled visits at our ankle sprain San Antonio office.